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European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
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R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

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The British Isles

The British Isles

(p.191) 13 The British Isles
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

R. D. Anderson

Oxford University Press

University history in Britain and Ireland reflects national diversity, though generalizations are often based on Oxford and Cambridge. The reform of the ancient English universities was of central importance, transforming them from aristocratic and clerical preserves to effective institutions for training an elite fusing upper and middle classes, while also secularizing them and raising their scholarly standards. New colleges were founded in London and the English provinces, with state grants from 1889. Developments in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland took different paths, but by 1914 British universities could be seen as a diversified system, with wider links to the British empire, and with the state active in promoting scientific research. Leading politicians like Richard Haldane saw universities as central to national efficiency.

Keywords:   reform, training, provinces, new colleges, Oxford, Cambridge, London, Richard Haldane

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