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European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
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R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

Women and Universities

Women and Universities

(p.256) 17 Women and Universities
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

R. D. Anderson

Oxford University Press

The admission of women to universities stretched over several decades. The process was determined by factors which included religion and the organization of girls' secondary education. The countries which admitted women early — notably France, Belgium, and Switzerland — attracted women students from other countries, and in the early years the main demand was for medical education. The influx of Russian women students to Switzerland, driven partly by political persecution, was especially notable. Germany was the last major country to open its universities, but by 1914 the presence of women was everywhere accepted, though as a minority with a limited range of career possibilities.

Keywords:   women students, Russia, France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, medical education

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