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European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
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R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

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Curriculum and Culture

Curriculum and Culture

Chapter:
(p.103) 7 Curriculum and Culture
Source:
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914
Author(s):

R. D. Anderson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0007

The original Humboldtian ideal of Bildung was modified in the early 19th century by the growth of disciplinary specialization and of natural science and medicine. But the Berlin model of university organization retained high prestige, and was widely adopted (and adapted) elsewhere, first in southern Germany and Austria, later in Switzerland, Belgium, Holland, and Scandinavia. In Britain, there were different ideals of liberal education at Oxford and Cambridge and in Scotland. Newman's lectures on The Idea of a University, a classic expression of the notion of the liberally educated gentleman, were based on his early experience at Oxford. Matthew Arnold had similar ideas, and this chapter compares his ideal of culture with the writings of Ernest Renan in France and Jacob Burckhardt in Switzerland. All saw the materialist spirit of industrial society as a danger which university culture needed to counteract.

Keywords:   Humboldtian ideal, Bildung, Berlin, Oxford, Cambridge, J. H. Newman, Matthew Arnold, Ernest Renan, Jacob Burckhardt

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