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European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
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R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

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The Formation of Elites

The Formation of Elites

(p.138) 9 The Formation of Elites
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

R. D. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues the social theme by looking at recent scholarship on the role of education in creating elite values, especially in an age of growing nationalism and democracy. A scholarly project based at Bielefeld has examined both the significance of the German Bildungsbürgertum and the comparative history of the relation between university systems and elites. Some countries developed alternative institutions, on the lines of the German Technische Hochschulen, to cater for new occupations, while France retained its distinction between universities proper and elite grandes écoles. The impact of different systems on the ‘segmentation’ of elites and on entrepreneurial values has attracted historians in France and Britain and stimulated comparative thinking. In all countries, there was a convergence of old and new elites by 1914, though outside western Europe the picture was often complicated by ethnic divisions.

Keywords:   university history, elites, Bielefeld, Technische Hochschulen, grandes écoles

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