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Classes and CulturesEngland 1918-1951$
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Ross McKibbin

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206729

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206729.001.0001

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Education and Mobility

Education and Mobility

(p.206) VI Education and Mobility
Classes and Cultures

Ross McKibbin

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the development of state education until the early 1950s, the nature and standing of the public schools, and the growth of the universities and their relationship to wider society. It looks at the comparative failure of technical education, the function of intelligence testing, and the beginnings of the movement for comprehensive schooling. It also assesses the degree to which, if at all, education promoted social mobility. The discussion suggests that there were few things in England less class-neutral than its educational system, or more problematic than social mobility. The history of English education in these years is a history of failure. Even though the state became more active in the educational system, the hopes which animated the 1918 and 1944 legislation — for a national, democratic, and technically effective system — were not achieved.

Keywords:   education, public school, university, state education, private school, social mobility, technical education

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