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The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West$
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Susan Wood

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206972

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206972.001.0001

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The longer term

The longer term

(p.922) 26 The longer term
The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West

Susan Wood

Oxford University Press

Behind the changes of the 12th century that brought into much of Europe the procedures and terminology of the ius patronatus were broader long-term shifts of interest. Sources of wealth were more extensive (crusading, commerce, colonization), and forms of lay piety more diverse; unlocalized miracles of the Virgin partly superseded the local, concrete, relic-based miracles of other saints. New paths to religious reassurance — and to prestige and deference — were opening besides the founding of churches or monasteries to be kept under close family control; while as states and legal systems developed, the close cohesion of a kindred or extended family centred on its own monastery became less possible and less necessary. The few monasteries founded after the mid-12th century were mostly in the new Orders, which tended deliberately to reject exclusive links with founders and benefactors. These changes must have contributed to making the control of proprietary churches in the old way less universally desirable.

Keywords:   proprietary church, property, Roman Catholic Church, patronage, monasteries, bishops, lordship

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