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War and Law since 1945$
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Geoffrey Best

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 September 2021

Making the Geneva Conventions

Making the Geneva Conventions

(p.115) 5 Making the Geneva Conventions
War and Law since 1945

Geoffrey Blest

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the major laws that form part of the making of the Geneva Conventions. It discusses the appurtenant laws and organizations that promote protection of civilians. It notes that the other side of the coin from the protection of civilians is protection of combatants incorporated in the rules on the security of belligerents. It provides the principal purpose of the first and second Geneva Conventions and the Red Cross Conventions which reaffirms the principles which had been at the heart of the Geneva law since its pioneering codification in the early 1860s: the protection and care of the sick and wounded soldiers and sailors; similarly, the protection and support of the men and women who undertake that care, and the distinctive sign they carry. It also discusses the 1949 POW Convention, much enlarged beyond the 1929 bridgehead, which is made up of 143 articles and five annexes.

Keywords:   Geneva Conventions, civilians, belligerents, Red Cross Conventions, POW Convention

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