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Poland’s Last King and English Culture - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Poland’s Last King and English Culture

Richard Butterwick


The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764–95) ‘to create anew the Polish world’ was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the 18th century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between a Russian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791, Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admired across Europe. T ... More

Keywords: Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Poland, reform, Russia, nobility, monarchy, England, Polish Enlightenment

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 1993 Print ISBN-13: 9780198207016
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Richard Butterwick, author
University of Warsaw