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Poland’s Last King and English Culture$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.001.0001

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Stanisław August and English Art

Stanisław August and English Art

(p.191) 9 Stanisław August and English Art
Poland’s Last King and English Culture

Butterwick Richard

Oxford University Press

Stanislaw August was convinced that the flourishing of the arts was necessary to the renewal of political life in the Commonwealth. He had to create a Polish school of painting and sculpture from scratch. Increasing English influences on his architecture and collections were rather the result of his evolving taste. His visit to England in 1754 seems to have been overshadowed completely from an artistic point of view by his stay in Paris. The first few years of his reign were dominated by artistic currents from France, which submerged English ones. Subsequently, the king responded to the tide of Anglomania that washed across Poland, but set his own course at a distance from the fashionable Warsaw aristocracy. Of the various strains in English architecture in the 18th century, it was Palladianism that most suited his taste for monumentality. In creating the Stanislavian harmony, English art played an increasingly significant role, but never the leading one.

Keywords:   English art, Anglomania, Palladianism, Stanislavian harmony

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