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Poland’s Last King and English Culture$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.001.0001

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The Enlightenment and England

The Enlightenment and England

(p.35) 2 The Enlightenment and England
Poland’s Last King and English Culture

Butterwick Richard

Oxford University Press

The period of Enlightenment was marked by a doubting of traditional Christianity reliant on revelation, increased toleration of other religious views, and by criticism of the religious, political, and social status quo. Modern science, or natural philosophy, was one of the pillars of the Enlightenment. The triumph of Anglophilia and Anglomania across Europe was the triumph of the Enlightenment. From subversion, heresy, and barbarity had come the political, philosophical, and cultural orthodoxy. However, critics vanquished the Anglophiles in the early stages of the French Revolution. France scorned the English experience. It started the parting of the ways for cosmopolitanism and Enlightenment, and Enlightened Europeans applauded. England entered the post-war era no longer the icon of liberty, but a model of moderate liberalism. English ascendancy in culture and philosophy passed away quietly.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, Christianity, natural philosophy, Anglophilia, Anglomania, French Revolution, liberalism, culture, philosophy

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