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Poland’s Last King and English Culture$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.001.0001

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The Education of an Enlightened Anglophile

The Education of an Enlightened Anglophile

(p.65) 3 The Education of an Enlightened Anglophile
Poland’s Last King and English Culture

Butterwick Richard

Oxford University Press

Enlightenment and Anglophilia were not brought to Poland by Stanislaw August Poniatowski. He grew up in an environment already affected by both. English influence on the early Polish Enlightenment was centred on Konarski's use of Locke's Thoughts Concerning Education. Poniatowski did not explicitly hold up England as a model, although he justified the suspension of the liberum veto by the example of other countries. The Poles had all they required to repair their state within their own political tradition. He cited England and other ‘free states and republics’ ostensibly to show that liberty was not incompatible with good governance and international respect. Unfortunately, every effort at military, fiscal or judicial reform failed, victims either of filibusters or the liberum veto. The Familia blamed all setbacks on the Court's apparent lack of enthusiasm for reform, and the king's supposed sloth.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, Anglophilia, Konarski, Locke, Thoughts Concerning Education, liberum veto, England, filibusters, Familia

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