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Poland’s Last King and English Culture$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.001.0001

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The Contacts of Stanisław and his Circle with the English World after 1754

The Contacts of Stanisław and his Circle with the English World after 1754

(p.124) 6 The Contacts of Stanisław and his Circle with the English World after 1754
Poland’s Last King and English Culture

Butterwick Richard

Oxford University Press

Stanislaw August maintained his contact with the English world even after returning from England and throughout his reign. He did this through his correspondence with Englishmen; his friendship with English diplomats and travellers to Poland; visits of his family and friends to England; and through his long-serving envoy to the Court of St James, Franciszek Bukaty. Among English statesmen Stanislaw August most admired Shelburne for his international vision. When Whig sympathizers with the French Revolution organized a subscription in aid of Poland, the king felt it wiser to distance himself from those tainted with ‘Jacobinism’. Stanislaw August did not obtain much more than good wishes from his English contacts, but his image as a wise, enlightened, and gracious prince was enduring, and this image was not tarnished by his accession to the confederacy of Targowica and abdication.

Keywords:   Court of St James, Franciszek Bukaty, Shelburne, Whig, French Revolution, Jacobinism, accession, Targowica

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