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Fascist and Liberal Visions of WarFuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists$
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Azar Gat

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 December 2021

Introduction: ‘The Janus Face’ of Fascism

Introduction: ‘The Janus Face’ of Fascism

Chapter:
(p.2) (p.3) 1 Introduction: ‘The Janus Face’ of Fascism
Source:
Fascist and Liberal Visions of War
Author(s):

Azar Gat

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0001

The mechanization of warfare emerged along with the developments of the age and along with the emergence of modernist notions and visions spurred by the celebration of machine and the proto-fascist and fascist outlook. This chapter suggest a close affinity that had existed between the radical warfare and the cultural and intellectual currents of proto-fascism and fascism ideology or outlook. Fascism emerged along with industrialization, urbanization, and the growth of the mass society. Its emergence was a result of a rebellion against the dominating bourgeois culture which is dominated by materialism, commercialism, alienating individualism, and the liberal-humanitarian values. Fascism aimed to overcome parliamentarism, capitalism, and socialism through the application of communal solutions which create a unifying effect among the populace. For the proponents of fascism, fascism was the order of the future, superseding the obsolete parliamentary democracy in the new age of modern and industrial mass society. They believed that they would create a fully organized and efficient society, rule by a meritocratic, managerial government of experts. These modernist outlook and the aspects of proto-fascism and fascism are examined in this chapter.

Keywords:   mechanization of warfare, machine, proto-fascist, fascist, warfare, fascism, mass society

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