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Fascist and Liberal Visions of WarFuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists$
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Azar Gat

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.001.0001

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Futurism, Proto–Fascist Italian Culture, and the Sources of Douhetism

Futurism, Proto–Fascist Italian Culture, and the Sources of Douhetism

(p.43) 3 Futurism, Proto–Fascist Italian Culture, and the Sources of Douhetism
Fascist and Liberal Visions of War

Azar Gat

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines another strand of fascist modernism which was derived chiefly from artistic sources, which aestheticized and celebrated the machine and the attributes of modern society as a mighty force for moral liberation and human elevation. This chapter focuses on the proto-fascist outlook that was prevalent in the Italian culture and the dominating potent symbolism of the aeroplane. Among the discussed fascist thinkers that lend their ideas on proto-fascism and expressed their emotive imagery of the aeroplane are D'Annunzio and Marinetti. The chapter also focuses on Douhet who revolutionized the air warfare as well as Moussolini and Balbo and their political propaganda that aimed to foster Fascists' image as an advance, dynamic, and virile movement through aeronautics and flying. The chapter concludes with Douhet's seemingly great influence on the concept of strategic airforce in countries like Germany, France, Soviet Union and America.

Keywords:   fascist modernism, proto-fascist outlook, Italian culture, aeroplane, D'Annunzio, Marinetti, Douhet, air warfare, Moussolini

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