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The Medieval Expansion of Europe$
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J. R. S. Phillips

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207405.001.0001

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Europe and the Mongol invasions

Europe and the Mongol invasions

(p.55) 4 Europe and the Mongol invasions
The Medieval Expansion of Europe

J. R. S. Phillips

Oxford University Press

In the 12th century, new causes of European interest in Asia began to appear. This chapter explores how experiences of trade, pilgrimage, and the crusades made the westernmost parts of the continent of Asia familiar destinations to many thousands of individuals from western Europe. The small numbers of European colonists, who put down permanent roots there, were equally familiar with the dangers from the Moslem enemies who surrounded them and with the experience of catastrophe. Furthermore, the Mongol prowess in war drew them very forcibly to the attention of nearly every comer of Europe and Asia, and the consequences were to be seen in massacres and devastation throughout central Asia and eastern Europe.

Keywords:   conquests, Cathay, Mongol expansion, Asia, Europe

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