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The Medieval Expansion of Europe$
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J. R. S. Phillips

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207405.001.0001

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The eastern missions

The eastern missions

(p.78) 5 The eastern missions
The Medieval Expansion of Europe

J. R. S. Phillips

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains the consequences of the Mongol conquests of the 13th century to Europe. Many unexpected opportunities arose for missionary activity by the Western Church. For example, the conversion of Anglo-Saxon England and Germany, and the creation of new dioceses such as Riga. There did not seem to have been any great missionary effort in western Asia until the mid-1260s. Despite the predominantly Moslem population in certain regions there were many Christians among the subjects of the Mongols. The interest of western missionaries in the farther reaches of Asia and in China was also stimulated. However, the eastern mission had extensive barriers such as practical difficulties caused by a lack of manpower and of the necessary skills. The religious links between western Europe and Asia by the 15th century were extremely tenuous, but they helped to preserve some European awareness of the continent and so contributed to the new phase of expansion.

Keywords:   conquests, Christianity, western Europe, Mongol, franciscan, nestorians, papacy, eastern mission

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