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Urban Liberalism in Imperial GermanyFrankfurt Am Main, 1866–1914$
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Jan Palmowski

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207504

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207504.001.0001

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The Diversification of Local Politics

The Diversification of Local Politics

(p.100) 3 The Diversification of Local Politics
Urban Liberalism in Imperial Germany

Jan Palmowski

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at how Frankfurt liberals fended off the political challenges that developed from the 1880s. They were faced with a number of challenges from groups which employed successively new types of tactics, rhetoric, and organization. By observing them closely, and then integrating these new developments, liberals managed successfully to maintain their political dominance until 1914 and beyond, despite strong challenges by the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD) towards the end. The discussion portrays liberals as highly versatile, responsive, and innovative. They were undoubtedly protected by a restrictive franchise. By keeping the SPD out of the town council until 1900, liberals could concentrate on and learn from the other formidable challenges of ‘unpolitical’ citizens' associations and of the Mittelstand.

Keywords:   Mittelstand, SPD, restrictive franchise, political dominance, unpolitical citizens

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