The dislocation which the great immigration from eastern Europe caused to the established structures of British Jewry went beyond mere numbers and extended into areas far removed from those of religious observance and ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The immigrants, whether orthodox or not in the Judaism they practised, were practically without representation in the institutional framework of British Jewry. The participation of immigrant congregations in the supervision of shechita arrangements was a matter contentious on several grounds, touching as it did upon the authority of the Chief Rabbi, the presumed autonomy of local rabbinates, and the distribution of financial resources; for the fees customarily imposed by Jewish communities in respect of the slaughter of meat and poultry and the supervision of butchers' shops constituted a major form of communal taxation, the profits derived therefrom being distributed among the participating congregations.
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