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Children of the French EmpireMiscegenation and Colonial Society in French West Africa 1895-1960$
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Owen White

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208198

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208198.001.0001

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(p.182) Conclusion
Children of the French Empire


Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the preceding discussions. It examines the nature of mÉtis identity throughout the colonial period. Regarding the analysis of the links between the psychiatric profession and the legal system in fin-de-siècle France, it notes that the psychiatric concepts were founded by number of dichotomies including mind and body. Condemnation of miscegenation was never enough to prevent it from taking place in the colonies. The possibility for Africans to become citizens of France was a central element in the legitimizing concept of assimilation, which suggested a break with the traditional dichotomies of colonial rule.

Keywords:   mÉtis, colonial period, fin-de-siècle France, dichotomies, mind and body, miscegenation, colonial rule, citizenship

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