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Castles in Medieval SocietyFortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages$
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Charles L. H. Coulson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208242

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208242.001.0001

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Populace and Fortresses: Protection and Perquisites

Populace and Fortresses: Protection and Perquisites

(p.252) 3 Populace and Fortresses: Protection and Perquisites
Castles in Medieval Society


Oxford University Press

During the medieval period, peasants were affected by fortresses in some ways more than any other class. For the 14th and 15th centuries mainly, the chapter illustrates how fortresses operated to protect refugees and their moveables. The duties laid upon the inhabitants of castellaries by the perquisites of their lords and by necessity can also be described, but largely because those obligations and profits entered the aristocratic written record. Protecting subjects was a matter of the ruler's pride. The local integration of peasant and fortress during hostilities and rumours of war was especially intimate, in England after Edward II was defeated by the Scots (1314), in France much more so after the first phase of the Hundred Years War had relapsed into intermittent regional strife, particularly after the calamity of Poitiers (1356). This chapter examines the refuge-system in England and the Channel Islands, the refuge-system of castellaries in France, and castle-works and services in England and Wales.

Keywords:   castellaries, fortresses, protection, medieval period, England, France, peasants, war, refuge-systems, Wales

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