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Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France – The Treatment of Foreigners 1789-1799 - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners 1789-1799

Michael Rapport


In 1789, the French Revolution opened with a cosmopolitan flourish and progressive observers across the world hailed a new era of international fraternity, based on a new kind of politics. Foreigners were welcomed to France, to enrich the regenerated nation and to become citizens. By the Terror of 1793–1794, however, this universalist promise had all but died. Some foreigners in France were guillotined, hundreds of others were jailed, expelled, watched closely and were obliged to carry special identity cards. How and why foreigners were squeezed out of French social and political life — and to ... More

Keywords: French Revolution, foreigners, Terror of 1793–1794, citizenship, nationality, identity cards, national identity, international fraternity, French politics

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2000 Print ISBN-13: 9780198208457
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208457.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Rapport, author
University of Stirling
Author Webpage