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The Age of ConquestWales 1063-1415$
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R. R. Davies

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208785

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208785.001.0001

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Llywelyn AP Gruffudd: The Years of Supremacy, 1255–76

Llywelyn AP Gruffudd: The Years of Supremacy, 1255–76

(p.308) Chapter 12 Llywelyn AP Gruffudd: The Years of Supremacy, 1255–76
The Age of Conquest

R. R. Davies

Oxford University Press

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd had shown his talents at an early age. He had established himself in Dyffryn Clwyd and had attracted to his company some of the former advisers and officials of his grandfather, Llywelyn Fawr. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd may well have already set himself up as a claimant around whom disaffected elements in Gwynedd might cluster. He was also showing his political acumen — and opportunism — by concluding an agreement with Ralph Mortimer of Wigmore, thereby buying off the opposition of one of the most powerful of the Marcher lords, albeit at a heavy price. However Llywelyn soon showed his true mettle. In November 1250, he concluded a secret alliance of mutual aid with Gruffudd ap Madog of northern Powys and a year later he and his brother, Owain ap Gruffudd, forged a similar alliance with Maredudd ap Rhys Gryg and Rhys Fychan of Deheubarth, promising to act together as if they were sworn brothers.

Keywords:   Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, opportunism, Ralph Mortimer, Gruffudd ap Madog, Owain ap Gruffudd, Maredudd ap Rhys Gryg, Rhys Fychan, alliance, Dyffryn Clwyd, Gwynedd

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