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The Age of ConquestWales 1063-1415$
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R. R. Davies

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208785

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208785.001.0001

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Tension and Revolt, 1370–1415

Tension and Revolt, 1370–1415

(p.431) Chapter 17 Tension and Revolt, 1370–1415
The Age of Conquest

R. R. Davies

Oxford University Press

Wales may have been at peace in the fourteenth century; but that did not mean, of course, that all sources of social tension and friction had been removed. Far from it. The rapidly expanding corpus of written evidence — notably the abundant individual and communal petitions, the charters of liberties granted to local communities, and, to a lesser degree, the native poetry — reveals clearly a wide range of festering grievances. Many of these grievances, it is true, are scarcely to be distinguished from the complaints common in all medieval communities. Financial gravamina figure with predictable regularity: errors in extents went uncorrected; increased rents were demanded arbitrarily; Welsh renders and dues — such as investiture fees and virginity fines — were ruthlessly exploited; and, as in England, the practices of prise and purveyance (that is, the commandeering of goods for consumption by the lord and his men in return for promise of future payment) were regularly abused in Principality and March alike.

Keywords:   Wales, social tension, friction, grievances, fees, fines, prise, purveyance, Principality, March

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