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The Age of ConquestWales 1063-1415$
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R. R. Davies

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208785

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208785.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 11 August 2020

The Anglo-Norman Settlement of Wales and the Making of Marcher Society

The Anglo-Norman Settlement of Wales and the Making of Marcher Society

(p.82) Chapter 4 The Anglo-Norman Settlement of Wales and the Making of Marcher Society
The Age of Conquest

R. R. Davies

Oxford University Press

By the end of the twelfth century, the Normans had left their imprint deeply on Wales. Their conquest of the country, it is true, was neither as rapid nor as complete as early promise had suggested, and the mid-twelfth century in particular had witnessed a major rebuff to their advance. By the end of the century, however, they had transformed Wales — in terms of political mastery, social configuration, and cultural influence — more profoundly than any other group or movement was to do so until the Industrial Revolution. The Norman barons, at whose instigation and under whose direction the conquest of Wales was undertaken, were a small group of men, rarely exceeding twenty in number at any given time. Many of the major Norman lordships in Wales passed through marriage or gift into new hands, yet by 1200 all these families (except the Fitzalans, descendants of Alan fitz Flaad) had failed in the direct male line and yet another ‘new’ Marcher aristocracy was, as in each generation, in the making.

Keywords:   Normans, Wales, Norman lordships, Norman barons, conquest, Marcher aristocracy

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