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Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850$
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John Lynch

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198211358

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211358.001.0001

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Caudillo State, Nation-State

Caudillo State, Nation-State

4 Caudillo State, Nation-State (p.132)
Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850

John Lynch

Oxford University Press

Nationalism came slowly to the Hispanic world; the colonial state was not succeeded immediately by nation-states. There was an interregnum during which liberating armies or caudillo bands first challenged the power of Spain and then destroyed it. In some regions, the conflict was prolonged and from it emerged primitive wartime states, capable of mobilizing resources and recruiting troops. But these states were not yet nations. Even after independence had been won, the creation of new states preceded the birth of nations. Yet nations were already in the process of formation. If the rhetoric of nationalism was subdued, its character was gathering strength. This chapter examines the transition of the Bourbon state to a caudillo state in Spain, the emergence of a wartime state and its transition to a nation state, the nationalism of caudillos, nationalism in Mexico, and economic nationalism among caudillos.

Keywords:   Spain, caudillos, nationalism, nation-states, Mexico, wartime state, Bourbon state, caudillo state, Spanish America, nationality

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