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Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850$
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John Lynch

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198211358

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211358.001.0001

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José Antonio Páez: Venezuela 1830–1850

José Antonio Páez: Venezuela 1830–1850

Chapter:
(p.275) 7 José Antonio Páez: Venezuela 1830–1850
Source:
Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850
Author(s):

John Lynch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211358.003.0007

The career of José Antonio Páez exemplified the relative importance of education and experience in the making of a Venezuelan caudillo. When the war of independence began he was already trained in llanero ways and, though completely uncultured, had risen above his fellows. Páez fought first under various revolutionary caudillos, none of whom measured up to his own proficiency. His career, like that of Juan Manuel de Rosas of Argentina, was a product of elite backing and personal driving force. However, Venezuela's elite was not so violently divided as that of Argentina, and unitarists and federalists were not yet at each other's throats. Conditions were right for a consensus among the oligarchy, and this corresponded to Páez's own nature. As president of independent Venezuela, he favoured the plantations over the plains, hacendados over ranchers. Demands for lower taxes on livestock and increased security in the llanos were given low priority in the regime's economic programme. The career of Páez, like that of Rosas, illustrated an obvious truth: caudillism was totally lacking in development.

Keywords:   José Antonio Páez, Venezuela, caudillos, war, elite, oligarchy, plantations, hacendados, llanos, caudillism

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