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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 11 August 2020

The Transformations of the Ninth Century

The Transformations of the Ninth Century

(p.467) 15 The Transformations of the Ninth Century
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Oxford University Press

The chapter deals with two major changes: the first was in Gwynedd, where a new dynasty took power in the person of Merfyn Frych, a dynasty that derived from the Isle of Man and would endure until 1282–3; the second was the change from an England of several kingdoms to an England of one. Although the second was primarily part of English history, the Welsh were involved at several points and the consequences were crucial for Welsh as well as for English history. Before this change, a Wales of several kingdoms faced an England of several kingdoms; after this change, the English kingdom came to encompass the whole English people, something which never happened in Wales. The reign of Alfred saw, in the 880s, a policy towards the Welsh different from any that preceded it or any followed by his successors.

Keywords:   Merfyn Frych, Merfynion, the Isle of Man, Alfred, Mercia, Wessex

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