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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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Wales from 950 to 1064

Wales from 950 to 1064

(p.536) 17 Wales from 950 to 1064
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Oxford University Press

After the death of Hywel Dda the Merfynion were divided between his own southern branch and that of ‘the sons of Idwal’, namely of his first cousin, based in Gwynedd. By the 970s both these branches of the Merfynion suffered from internal feuding and external attack. The English alliance and English power in Wales were both casualties of the disintegration of the Merfynion. By the early eleventh century new dynasties were able to take control of Gwynedd and Deheubarth, although the Merfynion survived, the northern branch by taking refuge in the kingdom of Dublin, the southern in Herefordshire. One of the new dynasties produced the most powerful king of Wales of the pre‐Norman period, Gruffudd ap Llywelyn, who came to play a major role in English politics as the ally of Ælfgar of Mercia against the family of Godwine.

Keywords:   Northern Merfynion, Southern Merfynion, Viking attacks on Gwynedd, the decay of English power in Wales Gruffudd ap Llywelyn

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