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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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The Organization of the Church

The Organization of the Church

(p.583) 18 The Organization of the Church
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Oxford University Press

The fourth and final part of the book covers the church and Welsh culture, both Latin and vernacular. In Gaul, bishops almost always continued to have their sees in Roman cities, while their territories were identical with those of the civitates. In Celtic Britain this had ceased to be true by the beginning of the seventh century, although the unity of the old civitas may have lived on in the synod. In Britain, as in Ireland, there were more bishops than in northern Gaul. One major change from the seventh to the ninth century was, as in Ireland and England, the shift towards burial in churchyards. The nature of this shift is most fully revealed, however, by texts of the eleventh century and later. The major early Welsh churches, those served by a clerical community, are traditionally known as clas churches. Again, the nature of such communities is best revealed by the eleventh‐century Life of St Cadog, although charter witness‐lists are also helpful.

Keywords:   Bishops, synods, burial, sanctuary, local churches, church cemeteries, clasau, the cults of saints

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