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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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Rome and the Britons, 400–664

Rome and the Britons, 400–664

(p.220) 6 Rome and the Britons, 400–664
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Oxford University Press

In 400 Britain remained part of the Roman Empire and enjoyed the material benefits that came with an extensive market for goods borne by long‐distance trade. In the fifth century it suffered a catastrophic decline in material culture brought about by warfare; but, at the same time, it extended Christianity and a Latin‐based intellectual culture to Ireland. By the sixth century the Gallo‐Roman inhabitants of what was then Frankish Gaul thought of themselves no longer as Gauls but as Romans. The Britons, however, remained Britons, both those of the new Brittany, south of the Channel, and those of the island of Britain. The tensions between the Britons of Brittany (the Bretons) and the (Gallo‐)Romans were exported to Britain and played a crucial role in causing their neighbours to see them all, not as Roman citizens, but as barbarians.

Keywords:   Britons as Roman citizens, Britons and Gallo‐romans, post‐Roman British material culture, The changing nature of Romanitas, Britons as Barbarians, The English as the new Romans of Britain

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