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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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Lords, Food-Renders, and Peasants

Lords, Food-Renders, and Peasants

(p.274) 8 Lords, Food-Renders, and Peasants
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Oxford University Press

This chapter is concerned with the economic relationship between peasants and the elite. This was based on the payment of fixed annual food‐renders. The nature of these renders is discussed and reasons given why their structure, as shown by the Llancarfan charters, was of considerable antiquity. The laws, from North Wales as well as the South, show that a similar regime of food‐renders still obtained in the twelfth century. This conclusion may mitigate one difficulty, namely that most of the charters belong to south‐eastern Wales. Once the charters and the laws are put together, they reveal much of Welsh social organization over a very long period.

Keywords:   food‐renders, peasants and their lords, major churches and their estates

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