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A New History of Ireland Volume VIIIreland 1921-84$
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J. R. Hill

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217527.001.0001

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The two economies in Ireland in the twentieth century

The two economies in Ireland in the twentieth century

(p.452) Chapter XVII The two economies in Ireland in the twentieth century
A New History of Ireland Volume VII

D. S. Johnson

Liam Kennedy

Oxford University Press

In relation to the Irish Free State, later the Republic of Ireland, the general conclusion reached in this chapter may be briefly stated: assessed relative to Europe, which seems the appropriate comparative framework, Ireland's economic performance during the twentieth century was a modal rather than a mediocre experience. Over the whole period 1913–1991, the Irish growth rate for gross domestic product per capita was only marginally below the average for all the states that in 1991 comprised the European Community. In most subperiods it would seem that Irish economic growth was actually above the European average. In one decade alone — the 1950s — was Irish growth markedly lower than in western Europe, something that distorts the picture for the century as a whole. Only with respect to demographic change, and emigration in particular, does Ireland differ greatly from its European neighbours.

Keywords:   Republic of Ireland, Europe, gross domestic product, emigration, economic growth, demographic change

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