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Churches and Social Issues in Twentieth-Century Britain$
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G. I. T. Machin

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217800

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217800.001.0001

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Churches and Social Matters in the Second World War

Churches and Social Matters in the Second World War

(p.108) 4 Churches and Social Matters in the Second World War
Churches and Social Issues in Twentieth-Century Britain

G.I.T. Machin

Oxford University Press

The social challenges which had arisen to affect the Christian Churches in Britain in the 1930s and earlier continued to confront them during and after the Second World War. At the same time, the war provided more impetus for social planning and renewal which might be put into operation should victory in the armed conflict be secured; and this affected the position of the Churches as well as other aspects of society. During the war, the country was divided into three kinds of area — evacuation (those to be evacuated), reception (those to receive the evacuees), and ‘neutral’. Evacuees would be placed in private homes, and the receiving persons would obtain a government allowance. From the end of June to early September 1939, immense numbers of children (amounting to at least three million) moved in accordance with these intentions. Other social concerns of the Churches in the war included drinking, gambling, divorce, and birth control.

Keywords:   Christian Churches, Britain, Second World War, social planning, evacuation, children, drinking, gambling, divorce, birth control

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