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Asante and the Dutch 1744–1873$
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Larry W. Yarak

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221562.001.0001

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Asante, the Dutch, and Elmina: An Overview, 1701–1872

Asante, the Dutch, and Elmina: An Overview, 1701–1872

(p.93) 2 Asante, the Dutch, and Elmina: An Overview, 1701–1872
Asante and the Dutch 1744–1873


Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a study of the underlying commercial and strategic basis of Asante-Dutch relations, and an analysis of what each side sought to extract from the relationship. The interests of the Dutch and the Asante on the Gold Coast are also presented. Asante-Dutch relations were complicated by the often autonomous role played by the indigenous traders and political authorities of the town of Elmina. Throughout the period 1701–1872, Elmina was one of the most populous and wealthy towns on the Gold Coast. In general, both Asante-Elmina and Asante-Dutch relations were variable, contingent upon such factors as the accessibility of the Elmina great-road, the relative position of the Dutch vis-à-vis the British, the nature of the commerce between Asante and the coast, the shifting interests of the Dutch on the coast, and the forms of political domination exercised by Asante over the southern districts, including Elmina. The new kostbrief issued to the king in 1818 became known as the ‘Elmina note’. Residual Asante claims to the Accra kostgeld were rendered unsustainable by the Asante defeat at Katamanso in 1826 and the Anglo-Asante and Danish-Asante treaties of 1831.

Keywords:   Asante, Dutch, Elmina, Gold Coast, Asante-Elmina relations, Asante-Dutch relations

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