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Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945$
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W. G. Beasley

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221685.001.0001

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The Making of Manchukuo, 1931–1932

The Making of Manchukuo, 1931–1932

(p.175) 12 The Making of Manchukuo, 1931–1932
Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945

W. G. Beasley

Oxford University Press

The collapse of world trade had two important consequences for Japanese imperialism. On one hand, it undermined the economic structures within which it had operated. By breaking up trading patterns, the slump completed the process of Japanese disillusionment with the treaty port system. On the other hand, conservatives resented the other face of ‘national wealth and strength’: the erosion of traditional values that it brought about and the corruption that seemed to be inherent in urban life and party politics. Co-prosperity in China and plans to create an independent Manchuria were aspirations that already had a history in Japan. There took place a reversal of priorities: coexistence with the West, which had been primary, became secondary; relationships with Asians, which had been secondary, became primary. The shift was manifest in nationalist attitudes some time before it was reflected in government policies.

Keywords:   nationalism, militarism, Manchuria, world trade, Japanese imperialism, party politics

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