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Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945$
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W. G. Beasley

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221685.001.0001

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The Peace Settlement with China, 1894–1896

The Peace Settlement with China, 1894–1896

(p.55) 5 The Peace Settlement with China, 1894–1896
Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945

W. G. Beasley

Oxford University Press

There is no evidence that in declaring war on China in 1894, the Itô government had had any expectations of territorial gain, but the ease and rapidity of Japanese victories soon prompted them. Against this background, what had begun as a war over Korea developed into the first stage of Japanese imperial expansion. Its components, as Japanese leaders envisaged them, were worked out in the course of framing the peace terms to be demanded from China in the winter of 1894–5. Some were territorial, focusing on south Manchuria and Taiwan. Others were economic, anticipating commercial privileges for Japan in Chinese ports. China was in no position to refuse them, as the negotiations of 1895 made clear. As a result, Japan acquired its first colony, Taiwan, and it entered into the co-operative imperialism of the treaty ports by the consent of those who already enjoyed their advantages.

Keywords:   Liaotung, Taiwan, commercial provisions, Chinese Empire, territorial gain, Manchuria

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