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Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945$
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W. G. Beasley

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221685.001.0001

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New Imperialism and the War with Russia, 1895–1905

New Imperialism and the War with Russia, 1895–1905

(p.69) 6 New Imperialism and the War with Russia, 1895–1905
Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945

W. G. Beasley

Oxford University Press

Japan's victory over China in 1894–5 at once undermined the stability of the treaty port system. The outcome in the years 1895–1900 was a compromise. One ingredient in it was the creation of spheres of influence. It was into this environment that Japan was thrust by the Treaty of Shimonoseki. The situation was significantly different from the ‘co-operative imperialism’ the Japanese thought that they were joining, within which treaty signatories shared their privileges through the most-favoured-nation clause. Instead, there were fierce imperialist rivalries, as much about territory as about trade, One of the most powerful predators, Russia, was established at Japan's doorstep, and this posed a crucial dilemma. Challenging Russia, as the Triple Intervention had made plain, could only be attempted with some indication of support from Britain and America. The price of this was accepting the Open Door.

Keywords:   Korea, Fukien, China, Japan, treaty port system, Britain, imperialist rivalry, Open Door, Shimonoseki

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