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Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945$
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W. G. Beasley

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221685.001.0001

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Chinese Revolution and World War

Chinese Revolution and World War

(p.101) 8 Chinese Revolution and World War
Japanese Imperialism 1894–1945

W. G. Beasley

Oxford University Press

The overthrow of the Manchu dynasty in the winter of 1911–12 had the effect of destroying China's political unity for about 15 years. During most of that period, there were rival regimes claiming to be the country's legitimate government. Civil war was endemic. It continued in some areas until Japanese military intervention in the 1930s. Predictably, Britain and the United States opted to intervene, though their actions often lacked conviction. Japan showed greater uncertainty. These divergences were made more pronounced by the outbreak of hostilities in Europe in the summer of 1914. The war diverted the attention of Europeans from East Asia and reduced their ability to take action there. It increased the relative strength of Japan and America, both of whom were able to expand their trade and investment in the region. This encouraged the exploration of new paths for the development of Japanese imperialism and stimulated Japanese–American rivalry.

Keywords:   co-prosperity, Manchu dynasty, First World War, Britain, United States, Japanese imperialism

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