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Medieval Germany 1056–1273$
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Alfred Haverkamp

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221722

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221722.001.0001

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The Spread of Latin Christendom in Continental Europe

The Spread of Latin Christendom in Continental Europe

(p.17) 2 The Spread of Latin Christendom in Continental Europe
Medieval Germany 1056–1273

Alfred Haverkamp

Oxford University Press

The first section of this chapter describes the crusades against the heathen. Only a few decades after the First Crusade had led to the first climax of expansion in the Mediterranean area, a renewed and in the long run successful expansion of the Roman Christian sphere of influence towards the east began in continental Europe. While the attacks in the Mediterranean area were directed towards old cultures, against Islam as well as the Orthodox empire of Byzantium, those on the continent were mainly directed against the Slavs and other still pagan peoples. The second section discusses the battle sand missions of different knightly orders, such as the Livonian order of the Knights of the Sword, Knights of Christ of Dobrin, and the Teutonic Order.

Keywords:   crusade, knights, heathens, Mediterranean, Christianization, Teutonic Order

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