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The Origins of War PreventionThe British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854$
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Martin Ceadel

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198226741

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198226741.001.0001

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Pre-history: From the 1380s to the 1790s

Pre-history: From the 1380s to the 1790s

(p.140) (p.141) 5 Pre-history: From the 1380s to the 1790s
The Origins of War Prevention

Martin Ceadel

Oxford University Press

This chapter chronicles the British peace movement. By the time this appeared during the French revolutionary wars, it had a pre-history going back almost exactly four centuries. Pacifism was first proclaimed in the British Isles by the Lollards, and first achieved a significant following when the Quakers committed themselves to it in 1661, as did some others around the same time. It fell back somewhat during the early 18th century, when Quakerism retreated into sectarian quietism and other sources of pacifism disappeared from view altogether. During that century pacifism began to emerge, though it had to contend with public enthusiasm for certain kinds of war.

Keywords:   British peace movement, pacifism, Quakers, war, peace, quietism

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