This chapter introduces some further distinctions and terminology for the ensuing discussion of action. It notes the distinction between action and activity. It presents the idea of events intrinsic to actions and considers which, if any, causal antecedents or consequences of one's own actions are themselves intrinsic to one's own actions. It distinguishes three kinds of chains that are action-involving: action-causal chains, action chains, and teleological chains. It discusses the concept of base action. Finally, the chapter argues that there are both physical and mental actions, and argues against the proposal that every action is a mental action.
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