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Without Good ReasonThe Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science$
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Edward Stein

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198237730

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.001.0001

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The Standard Picture

The Standard Picture

(p.214) 7 The Standard Picture
Without Good Reason

Edward Stein

Oxford University Press

According to the standard picture of rationality, there are normative principles of reasoning, and these principles are (at least, for the most part) what we think they are; that is, they stem from principles of logic, probability, and the like. There are three arguments why human rationality might be a conceptual matter, which address themselves to the normative principles of reasoning. The first claims that relativism is true for the norms of reasoning; the second claims that the norms of reasoning are dependent on our reasoning competence; and the third claims that we have no access to the norms of reasoning. This chapter argues that although none of these arguments successfully undermines the irrationality thesis, they do not leave the standard picture of rationality unscathed. It also considers a serious alternative to the standard picture of rationality, dubbed the naturalized picture of rationality.

Keywords:   standard picture, rationality, logic, probability, normative principles, relativism, reasoning competence, irrationality, naturalized picture

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