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In the Interest of the GovernedA Study in Bentham's Philosophy of Utility and Law$
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David Lyons

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198239642

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239642.001.0001

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The Convergence of Interests

The Convergence of Interests

(p.50) 4 The Convergence of Interests
In the Interest of the Governed

David Lyons

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 proposed a new interpretation of Bentham's utilitarianism, based on his dual standard in the Introduction and attempting to account for it. This proposal was defended in Chapter 3 by arguing that Bentham could consistently have embraced both a standard of self-interest for private ethics and one of community interest for political affairs, even though the standards are not equivalent and might conceivably diverge. This chapter shows that the dual-standard hypothesis, combined with the differential interpretation of his basic principle, is best supported by the texts—at least by that of the Introduction, the most important of Bentham's works.

Keywords:   Bentham, dual standard, Introduction, legislation, punishment, egoism, hedonism, utilitarianism

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