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MetaphorIts Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure$
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Eva Feder Kittay

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198242468

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.001.0001

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Concluding Remarks: Reference and Truth in Metaphor

Concluding Remarks: Reference and Truth in Metaphor

(p.301) 8 Concluding Remarks: Reference and Truth in Metaphor


Oxford University Press

The perspectival shift achieved by metaphor has been explicated in terms of a theory of metaphorical meaning in which metaphor is not readily paraphrasable into literal language. The meaning of metaphor, unlike the meaning of most literal language, is a second-order affair. Understanding a metaphor involves understanding the literal meaning called upon in the metaphor and understanding the vehicle’s contrastive and affinitive relations which are transferred to a new domain. Finally, it involves the ability to find an interpretation based on that analogous reference of relations which orders a conceptual or semantic domain distinct from the one to which the metaphorically used term applies in its literal-conventional application. The interpretation does not have to be a unique sentence and it is rarely that way.

Keywords:   metaphor, meaning, literal language, second-order meaning, literal meaning, relations, semantics, reference, truth

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