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How To Do Things With WordsThe William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955$
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J.L. Austin

Print publication date: 1975

Print ISBN-13: 9780198245537

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.001.0001

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Lecture X

Lecture X

(p.121) Lecture X
How To Do Things With Words

J. L. Austin

Oxford University Press

This chapter comments on the formulas: ‘In saying x, I was doing y’ or ‘I did y’; and ‘By saying x, I did y’ or ‘I was doing y’. It was because of the availability of these formulas which seem specially suitable, the former (in) for picking out verbs which are names for illocutionary acts, and the latter (by) for picking out verbs which are names for perlocutionary acts, that the names illocutionary and perlocutionary were chosen. To use the ‘by saying’ formula as a test of an act being perlocutionary, one must first be sure that ‘by’ is being used in an instrumental as distinct from a criterion sense; and that ‘saying’ is being used in the full sense of a locutionary act.

Keywords:   locutionary act, performative, illocutioriary act, perlocutionary

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