How did the ‘constatives’–‘performatives’ distinction look in the light of theory? In general, and for all utterances considered here, the following were found: happiness/unhappiness dimension; an illocutionary force, truth/falsehood dimension; and a locutionary meaning (sense and reference). This chapter discusses different classes of utterance, classified according to their illocutionary force, by the following more-or-less rebarbative names: verdictives; exercitives; commissives; behabitives; and expositives.
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