This chapter distinguishes between illocutions and perlocutions, taking in the distinction between illocutions and locutions by the way. There are three ways – securing uptake, taking effect, and inviting a response – in which illocutionary acts are bound up with effects; and these are all distinct from the producing of effects that is characteristic of the perlocutionary act. Strictly speaking, there cannot be an illocutionary act unless the means employed are conventional, and so the means for achieving it non-verbally must be conventional. It is difficult to say where conventions begin and end. But, the fact remains that many illocutionary acts cannot be performed except by saying something. This is true of stating, informing, arguing, giving estimates, reckoning, and finding.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.