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How To Do Things With WordsThe William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955$
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J.L. Austin

Print publication date: 1975

Print ISBN-13: 9780198245537

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.001.0001

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Lecture IX

Lecture IX

(p.109) Lecture IX
How To Do Things With Words

J. L. Austin

Oxford University Press

This chapter distinguishes between illocutions and perlocutions, taking in the distinction between illocutions and locutions by the way. There are three ways – securing uptake, taking effect, and inviting a response – in which illocutionary acts are bound up with effects; and these are all distinct from the producing of effects that is characteristic of the perlocutionary act. Strictly speaking, there cannot be an illocutionary act unless the means employed are conventional, and so the means for achieving it non-verbally must be conventional. It is difficult to say where conventions begin and end. But, the fact remains that many illocutionary acts cannot be performed except by saying something. This is true of stating, informing, arguing, giving estimates, reckoning, and finding.

Keywords:   illocutions, perlocutions, verdictives, expositives, performative, inviting responses

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