This chapter considers how Plato intends communism to transform the guardians, and how he expects that effect to carry through the artisans so that the whole city becomes a community of friends. Plato justifies that in abolishing (among the guardians) the private household and family, he expects to abolish also the private joys and sorrows. His goal is the collectivisation not only of externals but also of emotions. The ideal is a community in respect of pleasure and pain, in which all citizens grieve and rejoice at the same things. Everyone is to identify with everyone else's success and failure and thus the notion ‘mine’ is more dramatic than that of ‘brother’ and the like as it is more communal.
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