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In the Highest Degree OdiousDetention without Trial in Wartime Britain$
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A. W. Brian Simpson

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198259497

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259497.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

Death and Post Mortem

Death and Post Mortem

(p.408) 19 Death and Post Mortem
In the Highest Degree Odious

A. W. Brian Simpson

Oxford University Press

In August and September 1943, conferences took place to decide what was to become of Regulation 18B when World War II in Europe ended. Norman Kendal seems to have wanted to retain it permanently, while Military Intelligence Section 5 wanted to be able to detain for ‘acts prejudicial’ in Japanese espionage cases until Japan was defeated. This was grudgingly accepted both by the Home Office and the Emergency Legislation Committee. By early 1944, it was settled that at the end of hostilities in Europe all detainees connected with the European war would be released. In the event it was decided not to retain 18B in any form, and it was abolished by an Order in Council passed the day after VE Day. Winston Churchill's views probably played a part in this. Regulation 18B, however, remained in force until 1947 under the Emergency Laws (Transitional Provisions) Act of 1946, and under it Oswald Mosley and four other persons were prevented from travelling abroad.

Keywords:   Regulation 18B, World War II, Norman Kendal, acts prejudicial, Oswald Mosley, Home Office, detainees, Winston Churchill

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