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In the Highest Degree OdiousDetention without Trial in Wartime Britain$
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A. W. Brian Simpson

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198259497

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259497.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

Regulation 14B and its Progeny

Regulation 14B and its Progeny

(p.15) 2 Regulation 14B and its Progeny
In the Highest Degree Odious

A. W. Brian Simpson

Oxford University Press

It was the text of Regulation 14B, not its original limited purpose as an instrument of alien control, which lived on, and this text was drafted so as not to restrict the scope of the regulation to that purpose. The expression ‘of hostile origin’ clearly included former enemy citizens, and perhaps those whose parents were of enemy citizenship. ‘Of hostile associations’ was much less precise. The war with Germany was not the only problem then confronting government; there was the Irish question, and the authorities made extensive use of Regulation 14B to crush the Irish rebellion of 1916. With the official end of the war on August 31, 1921 executive detention ceased to be possible in mainland Britain under the Defence of the Realm Act, and with the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 6, 1921, and the establishment of the Irish Free State, it might be supposed that detention in Britain under the Restoration of Order in Ireland Act 1920 might then have ceased too. But, incredibly, the arrests and detentions continued.

Keywords:   Regulation 14B, Britain, alien control, hostile associations, Germany, rebellion, executive detention, Irish question, Irish Free State, Anglo-Irish Treaty

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